Super Saiyan (超サイヤ人) is an advanced transformation assumed by extraordinarily powerful members of the Saiyan race in the Dragon Ball franchise, as well as Akira Toriyama's later manga Nekomajin. Humans in Dragon Ball Online can also assume the transformation.
The Super Saiyan form first premiered in April 1991, within chapter 317 of the Dragon Ball manga, entitled "Life or Death". It also made its anime debut in 1991, first appearing in Dragon Ball Z episode 95, "Transformed at Last". Within Dragon Ball Z, two further transformations, the second and third levels, succeed Super Saiyan, while the premier form also has three additional branch states, which include two ascensions and one that is a mastering of the basic Super Saiyan form. Dragon Ball GT introduced a fourth form, and there are two additional forms related to the Super Saiyan state that appear exclusively in the Dragon Ball Z films: False Super Saiyan, and, Legendary Super Saiyan. Super Saiyan God and Super Saiyan God Super Saiyan were previously movie exclusive but also appear in Dragon Ball Super. There are also a few Super Saiyan forms that appear exclusively in video games, like Legendary Super Saiyan 3 and Super Mira.
Power and Usage
The Super Saiyan form increases the user's overall power by an incredible amount, far surpassing the limits of a regular saiyan. The form was achieved by Goku after witnessing his best friend Krillin's death at the hands of Frieza. In this form, Goku's power grossly outclasses the evil tyrant's, a feat made more impressive by the fact that, prior to the transformation, Goku was no match for him, even with the Kaio-ken multiplying his power 20-fold. In order to combat Goku's sudden burst of strength and power, Frieza released all natural bodily inhibitions and utilized 100% of his power, only half of which he used to stop Goku's Kaio-ken x20 Kamehameha attack. Though he seemed to gain the upper hand while Goku holds back, he loses faith when he realizes that his attacks are no longer debilitating, with Goku merely shrugging off his most forceful blows. This is evident, because in his 100% final state, Frieza had gained power and speed, but also gained increased energy consumption to the point where his damaged body could no longer handle the amount of power he was controlling.